'JH1KRC' Mike Watanabe
Just after Mike succeeded to hear 15-meter EME (Big News). Antennas are pointed to AZ 290 deg. Upper one is 6-ele. for 15m, 24-meters high, and lower one is 6el. for 20m. at 16-meter high.
Backyard of JH1KRC. Direction of AZ 290 deg. (in the direction of the short path to Europe) is just over the bush. Farm yards and low bushes spread in the area. There is no higher construction before the mountains.
THE 15-METER EME ECHOES RECEIVING TEST BY JH1KRC
It is Jan. 08, 2006, that became a special day to me in my ham radio experience.
When I worked nine stations on 1296 MHz in the European window, the moon got shadowy by the trees, so I decided to try an echo test on 15m which had not been successful until that day. The moon was at EL 10.8 deg., and AZ 283.7 deg., around 1600Z (01am, local time), it was unexpectedly easy for me that night to copy Q5 signal both in CW and SSB, 21.250 MHz. I used a horizontally installed CL-15DX, a 6-el. monoband Yagi, 1-WL boom length, manufactured by the Creative Design Co., up 24 meters on a Skyneedle tower. It has the designed radiation pattern of 18 dBi at 10 deg. elevation. A KW amplifier with no less than 1 KW output, and IC-756PRO2 transceiver were also used.
There was no noise on the band; very quiet. Outside temperature was -6 deg. C., and the WX was very fine. The stable echo was heard continually for ten minutes or so, until the moon at EL 8 deg., close to the mountains. There was no fast QSB during this after-mid night echo test on this band. Sorry but only a few seconds of recording was made (because I didn't prepare it for this so easy echo test) !
On the next day afternoon here Jan. 09, about an hour after the moon rise at NA window, the local noise of S5 disturbed the echo test on 15m. JA1BAX with 6el. Yagi up 22-meter, JA1JRK with 7el.quad up 30-meter and JH1RFR with 7el. yagi up 18m joined in it, but no one detected the echo that afternoon, perhaps because of high noise levels and the ionospheric activities in the day time.
The next weekend, Jan. 14, my 15-meter echo test was performed again. The moon at EL 12.5 deg., and AZ 291 deg., a continual but unstable echoes began to appear at 2122Z (0622 JST). WX was fine but just after heavy rain. Outside temperature was 5 deg. C., quite warm and humid! Again there was no snow noise over the mountains in the direction of the moon. This time the echoes were up and down in seconds, and in minutes cycles. It was different QSB from that of last week. Unlike the other day, I guess this would be the typical HF EME signals.
But still on the peak of the signals, quite audible echoes were received even with 1KW output.
Please listen to the wav. files I recorded, listed in this JA-EME web-site, and get a surprise to the loud signals.
I guess the path loss figure for the low band EME might be reconsidered. Perhaps the reflection constant of the moon (usually 0.07 for VHF/UHF) specially in the low frequencies might be much better than VHF/UHF. And the band noise figure, the data taken in the years of the high solar activities, might not be referable for these years in the low solar activities. My radiation seemed completely to penetrate the ionospheres without too much losses.
Anyone can calculate the exact figures for my experiments?
Many thanks to Alex, RU1AA and Peter, SM2CEW who succeeded the recent 10m EME contact, for the good hints and ideas to me, and to Yuzo JA1NKV, the president of the Creative Design Co. for the well-designed beam antennas.
Listed wav. files are:
EME 15m ssb 20060108, whistle in SSB mode, the receiver BW 2.4 KHz, recorded Jan. 08, 2006.
15m01142006-qrp10!, 15m01142006-qrp11!,, and 15m01142006-31qro for CW, the receiver BW 10 Hz, and 15m01142006-ssb33, the receiver BW 2.2 KHz, recorded Jan. 14, 2006.
73es, Mike Watanabe, JH1KRC